What is sinusitis?
You get up in the morning feeling lousy, with a heavy head a feeling which
Persists through the day wanting to sleep all the time, you're coughing and
sneezing and tired and achy. You think that you might be getting a cold. Later,
when the medicines you've been taking to relieve the symptoms of the common cold
are not working, you finally drag yourself to the doctor. After listening to
your history of symptoms, examining your face and forehead, and perhaps doing a
sinus X-ray, the doctor says you have sinusitis.
What are sinuses?
Sinuses are hollow air spaces in the human body. When people say,"I'm having a
sinus attack," they usually are referring to symptoms in one or more of four
pairs of cavities, or sinuses,known as paranasal sinuses. These cavities,
located within the skull or bones of the head surrounding the nose, include the:
Frontal sinuses over the eyes in the brow area
Maxillary sinuses inside each cheekbone
Ethmoid sinuses just behind the bridge of the nose and between the eyes
Sphenoid sinuses behind the ethmoids in the upper region of the nose and behind
Each sinus has an opening into the nose for the free exchange of air and mucus,
and each is joined with the nasal passages by a continuous mucous membrane
lining. Therefore, anything that causes
a swelling in the nose-an infection, an allergic reaction, or an immune
reaction-also can affect the sinuses. Air trapped within a blocked sinus, along
with pus or other secretions, may cause
pressure on the sinus wall. The result is the sometimes intense pain of a sinus
attack. Similarly, when air is prevented from entering a paranasal sinus by a
swollen membrane at the opening, a
vacuum can be created that also causes pain.
What are the symptoms of sinusitis?
The location of your sinus pain depends on which sinus is affected.
Headache when you wake up in the morning is typical of a sinus problem.
Pain when your forehead over the frontal sinuses is touched may indicate that
your frontal sinuses are inflammed.
Heaviness in the head while bending the head.
Infection in the maxillary sinuses can cause your upper jaw and teeth to ache
and your cheeks to become tender to the touch.Since the ethmoid sinuses are near
the tear ducts in the corner of the eyes, inflammation of these cavities often
causes swelling of the eyelids and tissues around your eyes, and pain between
your eyes. Ethmoid inflammation also can cause tenderness when the
sides of your nose are touched, a loss of smell, and a stuffy nose.
Although the sphenoid sinuses are less frequently affected,infection in this
area can cause earaches, neck pain, and deep aching at the top of your head.Most
people with sinusitis, however, have pain or tenderness in several locations,
and their symptoms usually do not clearly indicate which sinuses are inflamed.
Other symptoms of sinusitis can include
A cough that may be more severe at night
Runny nose or nasal congestion
what are some causes of acute sinusitis?
Most cases of acute sinusitis start with a common cold, which is caused by a
virus. These viral colds do not cause symptoms of sinusitis, but they do inflame
the sinuses. Both the cold and the
sinus inflammation usually go away without treatment in 2 weeks.The
inflammation, however, might explain why having a cold increases your likelihood
of developing acute sinusitis. For example, your nose reacts to an invasion by
viruses that cause infections such as the common cold or flu by producing mucus
and sending white blood cells to the lining of the nose, which congest
and swell the nasal passages.
When this swelling involves the adjacent mucous membranes of your sinuses, air
and mucus are trapped behind the narrowed openings of the sinuses. When your
sinus openings become too narrow, mucus cannot drain properly. This increase in
mucus sets up prime conditions for bacteria to multiply.
Self-help in relieving symptoms…
steam inhalation can soothe inflamed sinus cavities.
Gentle heat applied over the inflamed area is comforting.
Homeopathic treatment for sinusitis
kali bich.--one of the most commonly used medication in sinusitis where there
are symptoms of heaviness of the fore head with thick ropy discharge from the
Hepar sulph ----indicated when there is sinusitis with throat infection and
Silicea---headache better by wrapping up the head ,with profuse sweat of the
head ,with throat symptoms
MIR-indicated when there is pain and heaviness in the left side of the head
MIF-indicated when there is pain and heaviness in the right side of the head
Other commonly used medicines for sinusitis are
Merc.sol,sanguinaria,belladona,nux vomica etc…
Read More articles by Dr.Manoj on various
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